Let me tell you about a little experience I had last month when we had family stay with us for a few days to watch my step-daughter graduate from Kennesaw State University. I live in an area of Canton where I can literally step out to the back of my yard and shoot my firearms. A few of my brother in-laws were interested in shooting handguns and rifles, so I set up a few of my zombie targets on the trees down range and proceeded to instruct everyone on firearm safety. I went over the four rules and then showed each of them the proper handling of the handguns. Everything was going smoothly and we were all enjoying our turn at taking out those pesky zombies. We then switched to the rifles and rotated between the .22 and my Mosin M44. As one of my BILs was shooting the Mosin, he ran into an issue where a round wasn't advancing forward when he was in the process of pushing the bolt forward. We were using old military surplus ammo from the '70's. He handed the rifle to me and I first tried to push the round backwards with my fingers, but it was stuck at the mouth of the magazine and wouldn't budge. I then knelt down to the ground so I could get better leverage, resting the rifle stock on the ground. I tried to advance the bolt forward, but it didn't seem to want to move, so I pulled the bolt backward and gave it a good slap forward when all of a sudden....BOOM!!!! At this point, I was in a bit of shock....what the heck just happened? I felt splatter all over my hand and up my arm. My hand was immediately numb. I look down at my hand and see what appears to be melted skin with a combination of open wounds and charred tissue. Blood started to just ooze out of my hand. My BILs asked me if I was ok and I told them I was fine, but I should probably go inside and clean up my hand. I remained extremely calm during the entire event. After cleaning up my hand and arm, I realize that the blood on my arm wasn't from blood splatter as I originally thought. My arm was oozing blood just like my hand was. I had open wound powder burns all up my arm. It's like the powder burned off the outer layers of skin, just so it could ooze. I scrubbed all of my hand's wounds with a soft bristle tooth brush while my wife poured hydrogen peroxide all over. She gave me some pain killer while my hand was still numb so it would kick in before the numbness went away. After getting it cleaned up the best I could, I took a few snap shots for your viewing pleasure. It took nearly 3 weeks for all of the area to heal and all of the scabs fall off. It will take some time for the tissue to regenerate back to a somewhat normal level again. At this point, the skin is more sensitive to the touch than the rest, but at least I didn't lose any digits from my careless act. I think I have a hairline fracture in my pinky finger, as I was bending/testing all of my fingers and received an extreme amount of pain from it. I can easily move everything like normal with no pain, so it's just going to take more time to heal fully. I searched online for anyone else that experienced a ND like mine and did find a couple of instances. What I determined was this... Upon cycling the bolt, extracting the last fired brass casing and advancing the next round in the chamber, the round did not fully rise to itâ€™s correct position at the top of the magazine and into the receiver, causing a misalignment with the round. When the bolt advances in attempts to seat the round, it only jams the round tighter between the magazine and receiver, not moving forward very far at all. When additional thrusts to the bolt are made, it further jams the round, causing the front of the round to hit the underside and below the feed ramp. The round finally goes off due to compacting the bullet into the powder and setting the nitro off in the berdan primer. There was no round in the chamber at the time of the incident. I certainly learned my lesson over the ordeal. I'm thankful I was following the four rules while causing the ND. A good pair of leather shooting gloves would have saved me some tissue damage, no doubt.