According to a law review article
II. DEFINING CONSERVATISM AND LIBERALISM
Before categorizing the Michigan Supreme Court decisions and their authors as conservative or liberal, it is necessary to define these terms as they exist as political ideologies. Conservatism embodies the principle that individuals hold inherent rights that are best protected by limiting the power of the government. [FN11] Therefore, conservative values include limited government, autonomous institutions, and individual freedom. [FN12] Limited government interference enables a society to establish cultural entities over generations, which, in turn, produces institutions "shaped in accordance with the demands made on them; their defects and unintended consequences will become apparent and, under pressure for reform, reshaped." [FN13] Reflecting the belief that social institutions evolve from the demands placed on them by individuals, conservatism embraces capitalism, based on its proven success over time in promoting the ideals of democracy. [FN14] Conservative values include the right to retain the fruits of one's labor, individual initiative, and the duties one has to his society based on tradition. [FN15]
In contrast to conservatism, liberalism places the greatest emphasis on the civil and political rights of each individual. [FN16] *874 Liberalism values individual freedom over traditional community values and "demand
a substantial realm of personal freedom ... which the state should not intrude upon, except to protect others from harm." [FN17] While liberalism traditionally supported limited governmental interference and laissez-faire capitalism, contemporary liberalism has shifted, and now promotes the government's role in advancing individual rights. [FN18] This principle translates to regulation of the market and initiation of social programs to ensure equal opportunity and the general welfare of the population. [FN19] In their debates regarding stare decisis and overturning precedent, the decisions of the current Michigan Supreme Court have reflected the conflicts between liberalism and conservatism.
STARE DECISIS v. THE "NEW MAJORITY": THE MICHIGAN SUPRE ME COURT'S PRACTICE OF OVERRULING PRECEDENT, 1998-2002 66 Alb. L. Rev. 871, *873 -874 (.2003)