I know there has been discussion about the gap between the definition of a "handgun" and a "long gun", but I haven't seen a discussion on carrying a SBR with a barrel shorter than 12 inches. Technically, it's a rifle and is registered as one. I think, for most of us, "long gun" = "rifle" and the law states that: So, at first glance, it seems that one could carry a SBR without a license. However, GA law says its a "handgun": Notice it doesn't have the "designed to be fired from one hand" language in it. 16-11-125.1 goes on to define "weapon": Then 16-11-126 says: So after looking at it a bit, it seems that you CAN'T carry a SBR without a license. (unless the barrel is longer than 12 inches). I can see how this would be confusing for others, who don't sit around debating this kind of thing.