I've done some research on these old war horses and found a couple of web sites that seem to offer excellent info. Maybe this is cheating by referring people to other sites vs. explaining it myself, but these guys do it better than I could. The Russian Mosin Nagant Page. This is the best info I've found on disassembly and cleaning. There's an absolute ton of other good info at this site: http://russian-mosin-nagant.com/mambo/i ... &Itemid=59 The Surplus Rifle site. Cool! Lots and lots of info about MNs and just about every other mil-surp rifle and pistol out there: http://www.surplusrifle.com/mosincarbine/index.asp Happy shooting!