IANAL so if I miss a term please cut me some slack... I called the AG's office this morning and after a few conversations with various staff I was given to a state attorney so he could explain the code to me. Seems that the word 'SHALL' does not mean what we hope (and think) it should mean. He told me that if there are no penalties specificed in the code then the word 'shall' means discretionary (which means the 60 days is a soft target). If there are penalties specified (shall issue within 60 days or the judge will be in trouble...) would be a 'directive' use of the word 'shall' and would mean the 'shall' we're all thinking about. The attorney I talked with was a very nice & polite individual and I appreciate the time he took to talk with me. Sounds like we're going to have to work with our state reps to get the wording of the code changed and put in some 'penalty' language for the judge if they don't comply. I've been absolutely amazed at the lack of knowledge at the probate court level. I've heard so much erroneous BS it makes my head swim. I realize they can't know all the laws but for heavens sake if you don't know what the actual statute says please don't make crap up and expect to impress me with your lack of knowledge. A simple "I don't know" would be fine!