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Code Sections

  Table of Contents
  1-2-6
  8-3-202
  10-1-100
  10-1-101
  12-3-9
  12-3-10
  12-3-10.1
  12-3-11
  15-9-60
  15-11-601
  16-1-3
  16-1-10
  16-3-1
  16-3-21
  16-3-22
  16-3-23
  16-3-23.1
  16-3-24
  16-3-24.1
  16-3-24.2
  16-11-34.1
  16-11-101
  16-11-101.1
  16-11-102
  16-11-103
  16-11-104
  16-11-105
  16-11-106
  16-11-108
  16-11-109
  16-11-113
  16-11-120
  16-11-121
  16-11-122
  16-11-123
  16-11-124
  16-11-125
  16-11-125.1
  16-11-126
  16-11-127
  16-11-127.1
  16-11-127.2
  16-11-128
  16-11-129
  16-11-130
  16-11-130.1
  16-11-130.2
  16-11-131
  16-11-132
  16-11-133
  16-11-134
  16-11-135
  16-11-136
  16-11-137
  16-11-138
  16-11-150
  16-11-151
  16-11-152
  16-11-160
  16-11-161
  16-11-162
  16-11-171
  16-11-172
  16-11-173
  16-12-122
  16-12-123
  16-12-127
  16-12-128
  16-12-129
  16-13-21
  16-13-25
  16-13-26
  16-13-27
  16-13-27.1
  16-13-28
  16-13-29
  17-5-50
  17-5-51
  17-5-52
  17-5-52.1
  17-5-53
  17-10-3
  21-2-413
  27-1-36
  27-1-38
  27-3-1.1
  27-3-6
  27-3-7
  27-4-11.1
  33-24-30.1
  35-3-34
  38-2-194
  38-2-277
  38-2-301
  38-3-37
  38-3-51
  41-1-9
  42-4-13
  42-5-15
  43-38-10
  50-18-70
  50-18-71
  50-18-72
  50-18-73
  50-18-74
  51-11-9

Weapons Related Georgia Code

Found In LexisNexis by searching for "16-3-21" or in the TOC under:
Title 16 - CRIMES AND OFFENSES
Chapter 3 - DEFENSES TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS
Article 2 - JUSTIFICATION AND EXCUSE

The code sections are all Copyright 2012 by The State of Georgia


O.C.G.A. 16-3-21
Use of force in defense of self or others; evidence of belief that force was necessary in murder or manslaughter prosecution

(a) A person is justified in threatening or using force against another when and to the extent that he or she reasonably believes that such threat or force is necessary to defend himself or herself or a third person against such other's imminent use of unlawful force; however, except as provided in Code Section 16-3-23, a person is justified in using force which is intended or likely to cause death or great bodily harm only if he or she reasonably believes that such force is necessary to prevent death or great bodily injury to himself or herself or a third person or to prevent the commission of a forcible felony.

(b) A person is not justified in using force under the circumstances specified in subsection (a) of this Code section if he:

   (1) Initially provokes the use of force against himself with the intent to use such force as an excuse to inflict bodily harm upon the assailant;

   (2) Is attempting to commit, committing, or fleeing after the commission or attempted commission of a felony; or

   (3) Was the aggressor or was engaged in a combat by agreement unless he withdraws from the encounter and effectively communicates to such other person his intent to do so and the other, notwithstanding, continues or threatens to continue the use of unlawful force.

(c) Any rule, regulation, or policy of any agency of the state or any ordinance, resolution, rule, regulation, or policy of any county, municipality, or other political subdivision of the state which is in conflict with this Code section shall be null, void, and of no force and effect.

(d) In a prosecution for murder or manslaughter, if a defendant raises as a defense a justification provided by subsection (a) of this Code section, the defendant, in order to establish the defendant's reasonable belief that the use of force or deadly force was immediately necessary, may be permitted to offer:

   (1) Relevant evidence that the defendant had been the victim of acts of family violence or child abuse committed by the deceased, as such acts are described in Code Sections 19-13-1 and 19-15-1, respectively; and

   (2) Relevant expert testimony regarding the condition of the mind of the defendant at the time of the offense, including those relevant facts and circumstances relating to the family violence or child abuse that are the bases of the expert's opinion.


HISTORY: Laws 1833, Cobb's 1851 Digest, p. 785; Code 1863, 4230; Code 1868, 4267; Code 1873, 4333; Code 1882, 4333; Penal Code 1895, 73; Penal Code 1910, 73; Code 1933, 26-1014; Code 1933, 26-902, enacted by Ga. L. 1968, p. 1249, 1; Ga. L. 1975, p. 1209, 1; Ga. L. 1993, p. 1716, 2; Ga. L. 2001, p. 1247, 1.

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