Weapons Related Georgia CodeFound In LexisNexis by searching for "16-13-21" or in the TOC under:|
Title 16 - CRIMES AND OFFENSES
Chapter 13 - CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
Article 2 - REGULATION OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES
The code sections are all Copyright © 2012 by The State of Georgia
O.C.G.A. § 16-13-21
As used in this article, the term:
(0.5) "Addiction" means a primary, chronic, neurobiologic disease with
genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and
manifestations. It is characterized by behaviors that include the following:
impaired control drug use, craving, compulsive use, and continued use despite
harm. Physical dependence and tolerance are normal physiological consequences of
extended opioid therapy for pain and are not the same as addiction.
(1) "Administer" means the direct application of a controlled substance,
whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or by any other means, to the body
of a patient or research subject by:
(A) A practitioner or, in his or her presence, by his or her authorized
(B) The patient or research subject at the direction and in the presence
of the practitioner.
(1.1) "Agency" means the Georgia Drugs and Narcotics Agency established
pursuant to Code Section 26-4-29.
(2) "Agent" of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser means an authorized
person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor,
or dispenser. It does not include a common or contract carrier, public
warehouseman, or employee of the carrier or warehouseman.
(2.1) "Board" means the State Board of Pharmacy or its designee, so long as
such designee is another state entity.
(3) "Bureau" means the Georgia Bureau of Investigation.
(4) "Controlled substance" means a drug, substance, or immediate precursor in
Schedules I through V of Code Sections 16-13-25 through 16-13-29 and Schedules I
through V of 21 C.F.R. Part 1308.
(5) "Conveyance" means any object, including aircraft, vehicle, or vessel,
but not including a person, which may be used to carry or transport a substance
(6) "Counterfeit substance" means:
(A) A controlled substance which, or the container or labeling of which,
without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name, or other identifying
mark, imprint, number, or device, or any likeness thereof, of a manufacturer,
distributor, or dispenser other than the person who in fact manufactured,
distributed, or dispensed the controlled substance;
(B) A controlled substance or noncontrolled substance, which is held out
to be a controlled substance or marijuana, whether in a container or not which
does not bear a label which accurately or truthfully identifies the substance
contained therein; or
(C) Any substance, whether in a container or not, which bears a label
falsely identifying the contents as a controlled substance.
(6.1) "Dangerous drug" means any drug, other than a controlled substance,
which cannot be dispensed except upon the issuance of a prescription drug order
by a practitioner authorized under this chapter.
(6.2) "DEA" means the United States Drug Enforcement Administration.
(7) "Deliver" or "delivery" means the actual, constructive, or attempted
transfer from one person to another of a controlled substance, whether or not
there is an agency relationship.
(8) "Dependent," "dependency," "physical dependency," "psychological
dependency," or "psychic dependency" means and includes the state of adaptation
that is manifested by drug class specific signs and symptoms that can be
produced by abrupt cessation, rapid dose reduction, decreasing blood level of
the drug, and administration of an antagonist. Physical dependence, by itself,
does not equate with addiction.
(9) "Dispense" means to deliver a controlled substance to an ultimate user or
research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including
the prescribing, administering, packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to
prepare the substance for that delivery, or the delivery of a controlled
substance by a practitioner, acting in the normal course of his or her
professional practice and in accordance with this article, or to a relative or
representative of the person for whom the controlled substance is prescribed.
(10) "Dispenser" means a person that delivers a Schedule II, III, IV, or V
controlled substance to the ultimate user but shall not include:
(A) A pharmacy licensed as a hospital pharmacy by the Georgia Board of
Pharmacy pursuant to Code Section 26-4-110;
(B) An institutional pharmacy that serves only a health care facility,
including, but not limited to, a nursing home, an intermediate care home, a
personal care home, or a hospice program, which provides patient care and which
pharmacy dispenses such substances to be administered and used by a patient on
the premises of the facility;
(C) A practitioner or other authorized person who administers such a
(D) A pharmacy operated by, on behalf of, or under contract with the
Department of Corrections for the sole and exclusive purpose of providing
services in a secure environment to prisoners within a penal institution,
penitentiary, prison, detention center, or other secure correctional
institution. This shall include correctional institutions operated by private
entities in this state which house inmates under the Department of Corrections.
(11) "Distribute" means to deliver a controlled substance, other than by
administering or dispensing it.
(12) "Distributor" means a person who distributes.
(12.05) "FDA" means the United States Food and Drug Administration.
(12.1) "Imitation controlled substance" means:
(A) A product specifically designed or manufactured to resemble the
physical appearance of a controlled substance such that a reasonable person of
ordinary knowledge would not be able to distinguish the imitation from the
controlled substance by outward appearances; or
(B) A product, not a controlled substance, which, by representations made
and by dosage unit appearance, including color, shape, size, or markings, would
lead a reasonable person to believe that, if ingested, the product would have a
stimulant or depressant effect similar to or the same as that of one or more of
the controlled substances included in Schedules I through V of Code Sections
16-13-25 through 16-13-29.
(13) "Immediate precursor" means a substance which the State Board of
Pharmacy has found to be and by rule identifies as being the principal compound
commonly used or produced primarily for use, and which is an immediate chemical
intermediary used or likely to be used, in the manufacture of a controlled
substance, the control of which is necessary to prevent, curtail, or limit
(14) "Isomers" means stereoisomers (optical isomers), geometrical isomers,
and structural isomers (chain and positional isomers) but shall not include
(15) "Manufacture" means the production, preparation, propagation,
compounding, conversion, or processing of a controlled substance, either
directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of natural origin, or
independently by means of chemical synthesis, and includes any packaging or
repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container, except
that this term does not include the preparation, compounding, packaging, or
labeling of a controlled substance:
(A) By a practitioner as an incident to his or her administering or
dispensing of a controlled substance in the course of his or her professional
(B) By a practitioner or by his or her authorized agent under his or her
supervision for the purpose of, or as an incident to, research, teaching, or
chemical analysis and not for sale.
(16) "Marijuana" means all parts of the plant of the genus Cannabis, whether
growing or not, the seeds thereof, the resin extracted from any part of such
plant, and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or
preparation of such plant, its seeds, or resin; but shall not include samples as
described in subparagraph (P) of paragraph (3) of Code Section 16-13-25 and
shall not include the completely defoliated mature stalks of such plant, fiber
produced from such stalks, oil, or cake, or the completely sterilized samples of
seeds of the plant which are incapable of germination.
(17) "Narcotic drug" means any of the following, whether produced directly or
indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently
by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical
(A) Opium and opiate, and any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation
of opium or opiate;
(B) Any salt, compound, isomer, derivative, or preparation thereof which
is chemically equivalent or identical to any of the substances referred to in
subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, but not including the isoquinoline alkaloids
(C) Opium poppy and poppy straw; or
(D) Coca leaves and any salt, compound, derivative, stereoisomers of
cocaine, or preparation of coca leaves, and any salt, compound, stereoisomers of
cocaine, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or
identical to any of these substances, but not including decocainized coca leaves
or extractions of coca leaves which do not contain cocaine or ecgonine.
(18) "Opiate" means any substance having an addiction-forming or
addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of
conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining
liability. It does not include, unless specifically designated as controlled
under Code Section 16-13-22, the dextrorotatory isomer of
3-methoxy-n-methylmorphinan and its salts (dextromethorphan). It does include
its racemic and levorotatory forms.
(19) "Opium poppy" means the plant of the species Papaver somniferum L.,
except its seeds.
(19.1) "Patient" means the person who is the intended consumer of a drug for
whom a prescription is issued or for whom a drug is dispensed.
(20) "Person" means an individual, corporation, government, or governmental
subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, or
association, or any other legal entity.
(21) "Poppy straw" means all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy
(22) "Potential for abuse" means and includes a substantial potential for a
substance to be used by an individual to the extent of creating hazards to the
health of the user or the safety of the public, or the substantial potential of
a substance to cause an individual using that substance to become dependent upon
(23) "Practitioner" means:
(A) A physician, dentist, pharmacist, podiatrist, scientific investigator,
or other person licensed, registered, or otherwise authorized under the laws of
this state to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to, or to
administer a controlled substance in the course of professional practice or
research in this state;
(B) A pharmacy, hospital, or other institution licensed, registered, or
otherwise authorized by law to distribute, dispense, conduct research with
respect to, or to administer a controlled substance in the course of
professional practice or research in this state;
(C) An advanced practice registered nurse acting pursuant to the authority
of Code Section 43-34-25. For purposes of this chapter and Code Section
43-34-25, an advanced practice registered nurse is authorized to register with
the federal Drug Enforcement Administration and appropriate state authorities;
(D) A physician assistant acting pursuant to the authority of subsection
(e.1) of Code Section 43-34-103. For purposes of this chapter and subsection
(e.1) of Code Section 43-34-103, a physician assistant is authorized to register
with the federal Drug Enforcement Administration and appropriate state
(23.1) "Prescriber" means a physician, dentist, scientific investigator, or
other person licensed, registered, or otherwise authorized under the laws of
this state to prescribe a controlled substance in the course of professional
practice or research in this state.
(24) "Production" includes the manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing,
or harvesting of a controlled substance.
(25) "Registered" or "register" means registration as required by this
(26) "Registrant" means a person who is registered under this article.
(26.1) "Schedule II, III, IV, or V controlled substance" means a controlled
substance that is classified as a Schedule II, III, IV, or V controlled
substance under Code Section 16-13-26, 16-13-27, 16-13-28, or 16-13-29,
respectively, or under the Federal Controlled Substances Act, 21 U.S.C. Section
(27) "State," when applied to a part of the United States, includes any
state, district, commonwealth, territory, insular possession thereof, or any
area subject to the legal authority of the United States.
(27.1) "Tolerance" means a physiologic state resulting from regular use of a
drug in which an increased dosage is needed to produce a specific effect or a
reduced effect is observed with a constant dose over time. Tolerance may or may
not be evident during opioid treatment and does not equate with addiction.
(28) "Ultimate user" means a person who lawfully possesses a controlled
substance for his or her own use, for the use of a member of his or her
household, or for administering to an animal owned by him or her or by a member
of his or her household or an agent or representative of the person.
(29) "Noncontrolled substance" means any drug or other substance other than a
controlled substance as defined by paragraph (4) of this Code section.
HISTORY: Code 1933, § 79A-802, enacted by Ga. L. 1967, p. 296, § 1; Ga. L. 1974, p. 221, § 1; Ga. L. 1978, p. 2237, § 1; Ga. L. 1979, p. 859, § 4; Ga. L. 1980, p. 1746, § 3; Ga. L. 1982, p. 3, § 16; Ga. L. 1982, p. 1264, §§ 1, 3; Ga. L. 1982, p. 2370, §§ 1, 2; Ga. L. 1982, p. 2403, §§ 10, 15; Ga. L. 1984, p. 22, § 16; Ga. L. 1985, p. 149, § 16; Ga. L. 1986, p. 10, § 16; Ga. L. 1986, p. 1555, §§ 1, 2; Ga. L. 1988, p. 1065, § 1; Ga. L. 1999, p. 643, § 5.1; Ga. L. 2003, p. 349, § 1; Ga. L. 2006, p. 125, § 2/SB 480; Ga. L. 2009, p. 859, § 4/HB 509; Ga. L. 2011, p. 659, § 1/SB 36.